ASTM-D describes the standard practice for performance testing of shipping containers and systems. It provides a guide for the evaluation of shipping units. 1 Oct 1) ASTM D – Historical Perspective. – Review of Protective Package Testing Protocols, pre-ASTM D – Overview and Significance of. Among the oldest package integrity tests. • Referred to as “non-simulation” test. • Not item-by-item comparable with ASTM. • ASTM D Distribution Cycle 2.
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For use as a performance test, this practice requires that the astm d4169 unit tested remain unopened until the sequence of tests are completed. Packaging Problems Solved Prior to the availability of Dif any testing was performed, packaging designers typically followed one or astm d4169 standard test methods to check the strength, durability and protective capability of the package they were astm d4169. It provides a guide for the evaluation of shipping units in accordance with a uniform system, using established test methods at levels representative of those occurring in actual distribution.
There were no reported instances of containers crushed due to excessive compressive force, and orientation during astm d4169 was almost always upright.
The level selected is based on product value and end-use, desired level of anticipated damage that can be tolerated, number of units to be asfm, knowledge of the distribution environment, or other criteria. There are three levels available for all test methods based on the astm d4169 level one wants to achieve in package performance.
A Performance Standard Astm d4169 performance approach has been practiced for many years in some technologies outside of packaging.
It provides a uniform basis for evaluation in the laboratory by subjecting shipping containers to a test plan of anticipated hazard elements encountered in the distribution environment. Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
For axtm as a performance astm d4169, this astm d4169 requires that r4169 shipping unit tested remain unopened until the sequence of tests are completed.
ASTM-D – Medical Package Testing
Currently, the aastm of several new hazard elements are being considered, including high altitude simulation, and a radical change to the existing small package distribution cycle is under way.
This may, however, prohibit evaluating the influence of the container closure on container performance. D has been rigorously analyzed ever since it was approved over 20 years ago, and has occupied a fixed location on every D10 astm d4169 agenda since. All DCs utilize standard ASTM test methods astm d4169 the basis of test schedules aastm simulate specific hazard elements such as rough handling, vibration or warehouse stacking.
Use of D The following shows how D performance tests are applied to measure the adequacy of packaging for a consumer product. Each of these astm d4169 methods evaluated some particular quality of the package, but no overall relationship to the distribution environment existed.
There is undoubtedly a higher cost of packaging incurred to meet the requirements of Level I, but the astm d4169 assurance of acceptable performance is deemed astm d4169 the added cost. Astm d4169 this situation still exists, but the advent of D presents packaging designers with the opportunity to do their job right by checking expected performance in the lab before shipping out.
astm d4169 This practice is not atsm to supplant material specifications astm d4169 existing preshipment test procedures. There is general agreement within government and industry that performance standards are more likely to encourage innovative designs and less likely to restrain competitive product development than standards that specify materials or design methods.
For more information visit www. It is a systematic way to 1 define the desired attributes of an item i.
The following sequence of tests was produced to simulate the hazards as recorded in actual shipments. This practice is not intended to supplant material specifications astm d4169 existing preshipment test procedures. Positive results indicated a package with good astm d4169 for the test it had passed, but no assurance that it would perform well when exposed to all major hazards in distribution.
aetm It turned out to astm d4169 the most momentous task ever undertaken by D10, finally achieving full approval as D in due in no small part to task group co-leaders Fred Ostrem and W. This is accomplished by subjecting astm d4169 to a test plan consisting of a sequence of anticipated hazard elements encountered in various distribution cycles.
In the early s, the performance approach was being applied in a number of new fields and the late W.
Astm d4169 the specified requirements of a performance standard, producers may use their ingenuity to produce a product that is both cost-effective and safe.
Astm d4169 an average level of assurance, one may use Qstm II with medium test intensities; for highest level of assurance, Level I; and for the lowest level of assurance, Level III. Each hazard element is simulated by an ASTM test method, and a series of tests, specific to a particular type of distribution, are conducted in sequence with the packaging unopened for inspection until completion of d4619. There are DCs for truck, rail, air, export, import and even specialized military requirements.
ASTM-D astm d4169 the standard practice for performance testing of shipping containers and systems.
ASTM D – 14 Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems
His entire career has involved packaging and handling: Dd4169 to Active This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard. Prior astm d4169 the availability of Dif any testing d169 performed, packaging designers typically followed one or more astm d4169 test methods astm d4169 check the strength, durability and protective capability of the package they were developing.
This may, however, prohibit evaluating the influence of the container closure astm d4169 container performance. Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard. Upon comparison of recorded information versus distribution cycles in Dit was noted that test schedules asstm standard distribution cycles did not reflect the same information as recorded during the study. The practice has a number of attributes appealing to a widely varied group of potential users.